Доклад Артемия Позаненко на 12-ой Международной конференции по обществам охотников и собирателей
23-27 июля на базе Школы социальных наук университета Universiti Sains Malaysia (Пенанг, Малайзия) прошла 12-я Международная конференция по обществам охотников и собирателей (Twelth International Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies “Situations, times and places in hunter-gatherer research”, CHAGS XII) Международного общества по исследованию охотников и собирателей (International Society for Hunter Gatherer Research, ISHGR).
Артемий Позаненко выступил с докладом “Impact of the road on the role of hunting in the livelihood strategies of the inhabitants of Russia’s Altai Mountains” на панели P30 “Overcoming distance: critical perspectives on infrastructural transformations and mobility” (председатели – Tobias Holzlehner (университет имени Мартина Лютера в Халле) и Peter Schweitzer (университет Вены)).
Impact of the road on the role of hunting in the livelihood strategies of the inhabitants of Russia's Altai Mountains
The location of the village with respect to the road(s) and hunting grounds may determine the way the latter are used, and, consequently, the role of hunting in the livelihood strategies of the local population.
Hunting has historically played an important role in the livelihood strategies of people inhabiting the Altai Mountains, especially the indigenous population. Even now, in the XXI century, very few Altai villagers have completely given up trapping and killing wildlife. In some settlements hunting has turned into an occasional traditional entertainment, while in others it provides a significant supply of food, and for some locals even serves as the main source of income. The place hunting occupies in the livelihood strategies depends not only on the wildlife, landscape, conditions for animal husbandry and gathering, remoteness from the republican capital, tourism development, and job availability, but also on the local road network. Besides being arteries of life, roads are also ways in for unwelcome outsiders, and sites where the authorities controlling the use of hunting resources hold their inspections. The report analyzes various options of the relative location of villages with respect to roads and hunting grounds, and the attitude of locals to roads. The report is based on the authors' field notes obtained in 2017 during two expeditions to the Altai Republic, Russia, under the Hunting and hunters of the southeast of the Altai Republic project (supported by Khamovniki Foundation, Russia).